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Interesting Facts About Kuwait

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Kuwait is a small country in the Arabian Peninsula . The Persian Gulf is on its east, which forms a maritime border with Iran. This Middle Eastern country shares land borders with Iraq (north and northwest) and Saudi Arabia (south and southwest). Kuwait is an emirate ruled by the Al Sabah family . This dynasty initially established a Sheikhdom in Kuwait in 1756. Kuwaiti ruler Abdullah II (1866-92) formed close relations with the Ottoman Empire. After his assassination, the new ruler (Mubarak the Great) turned Kuwait into a British protectorate in 1899 due to the danger of an Ottoman invasion. This British protection continued until the country’s independence in 1961. Britain managed to establish the Kuwaiti-Saudi border in 1922 . However, efforts to resolve disputes with Iraq remained unsuccessful. Iraq claimed Kuwait to be its territory in 1938, the year of the discovery of oil in the emirate. Iraq later recognized the independence and borders of Kuwait in 1963. Kuwait  introduced co

25+ Interesting Facts About Echidnas

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Echidna is one of the only two members of monotremes (egg-laying mammals) . The other animal in this mammalian order is the platypus. There are two genera and four species of echidnas. Long-beaked echidnas have three species, while there is a single species in short-beaked echidnas. Long-beaked echidnas are limited to New Guinea. Short-beaked echidnas are widely spread, having a presence on the islands of New Guinea, Australia , and Tasmania. There are several visible differences between long-beaked and short-beaked echidnas, together with the size of their beak. Long-beaked echidnas are bigger but have shorter spines and tongues than short-beaked echidnas. Ants and termites are the primary food of echidnas, due to which they are also called “spiny anteaters .” They also eat other small invertebrates in the soil, such as beetles , earthworms, and moths. Echidnas use their strong sense of smell and the electroreception feature on the beak to locate their prey. These monotremes use th

25+ Interesting Facts About Uzbekistan

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Uzbekistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia . Two major rivers , Syr Darya and Amu Darya, establish borders on its northeast and southwest. Uzbekistan is the third largest and the most populous country in Central Asia. Its population density is the highest in the region. Uzbekistan and Liechtenstein, a small European country, are the only two  doubly landlocked  countries. All five neighboring countries of Uzbekistan ( Afghanistan , Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Turkmenistan) are also landlocked (surrounded by land). Uzbekistan is the only Central Asian country that borders all the other four countries of the region. Three Uzbek cities (Samarkand, Bukhara, and Khiva) are among the most famous  cities on the Silk Road . Bukhara and Samarkand are also UNESCO World Heritage sites. Uzbekistan is the world’s 5 th  largest  producer of uranium  and the 2 nd  largest in  Asia  after Kazakhstan. ( Source ) The Muruntau Gold Mine in Uzbekistan is the world’s  largest open-pit

30+ Interesting Facts About Mount Everest

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Mount Everest is a mountain in the Great Himalayas. This tall mountain in southern Asia is on the border between Nepal and Tibet , an autonomous region of China. Mount Everest is the highest mountain above sea level , having an altitude of 8,848 m (29,029 ft.). However, the tallest mountain on Earth is Mauna Kea in Hawaii. Its summit is 10,210 m (33,500 ft.) high, but its large portion is beneath the Pacific Ocean. The highest point above Earth’s center is the peak of Mount Chimborazo in Ecuador . It is due to this mountain’s location where the Earth’s bulge is the greatest. ( Source ) Mount Everest was recognized as the highest point on the surface of Earth in 1852. Its initial name was Peak XV, but was later renamed in 1865 to honor Sir George Everest, who remained the surveyor general of India from 1930-43. There are other names for this mountain in local languages: Nepalese and Tibetan. There are a total of 17 routes to climb Mount Everest. However, the main routes are Southea

15+ Interesting Facts About Mandrills

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Mandrills are large and colorful Old World monkeys. Their range is limited to the rainforests of Equatorial Africa in Gabon, Equatorial Guinea , Cameroon, and the Republic of Congo. Mandrills are the largest among monkeys . Male mandrills can attain a weight and body length of up to 54 kg (119 lb.) and 20 in. (50.8 cm). They are also one of the most colorful mammals due to their red face, blue rump, and yellow beard. ( Source ) The closest relatives of mandrills are drills. These two species are the only members of the genus Mandrillus . Mandrills are among the few mammals with blue skin, particularly on their rump. The arrangement of protein fibers makes their blue skin more vibrant on the rump, compared to the pale blue color on their face. ( Source ) A study proves the intelligent  use of tools  in mandrills. Scientists have found that these monkeys can make a bark narrow and use it to remove dirt underneath their toenails. ( Source ) Mandrills are among the few monkey species (

20 Interesting Facts About the Nile River

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The Nile, a river in northeastern Africa, is the world’s longest river. It flows from south to north and drains into the Mediterranean Sea. The Nile, with a total length of 6,695 km (4,160 miles), is the  longest river  in the world. Its primary source is Lake Victoria, while the farthest point is a stream in Burundi. On the other hand, the disputed maximum length of the Amazon River is 6,750 km (4,195 miles). However, its ending point is uncertain, which makes it the second-longest river. ( Source ) Despite being the longest river, the Nile has less discharge than many other rivers . The largest river by discharge is the Amazon River (nearly 209,000 cubic meters per second). Comparatively, the discharge of the Nile River is only 2,830 cubic meters per second. The Nile River basin covers nearly 10% of Africa in several countries. These include Egypt, Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia,  Kenya , DR Congo, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda , and Tanzania . The Nile has two primary tributari

20 Interesting Facts About the Arctic Ocean

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The Arctic Ocean is the northernmost of the five oceans , while the North Pole lies in the middle of this ocean. Six countries (Russia, Norway, Iceland, Greenland (Denmark), Canada, and the USA) of three continents ( Asia , Europe, and North America) surround the Arctic Ocean. Sea ice in the Arctic Ocean grows and shrinks during winter and summer. The ice reaches its maximum extent in March and shrinks to its minimum level in September annually. Warmer temperatures are responsible for the rapid shrinking of the Arctic ice. Satellite observations have measured Arctic ice each year since 1979. The summer Arctic ice is now shrinking at 12.2% per decade compared to its average shrinking from 1980 to 2010. Scientists measured the lowest summer Arctic extent (3.39 million square km) in September 2012. ( Source ) Storms in the Arctic Ocean usually occur in the winter. However, an extraordinary storm during the summer (August) of 2012 detached a large amount of ice from the ocean. The 2012 Ar