Showing posts from July, 2019

35 Interesting Facts About Brazil

Brazil is the largest and most populous country in South America. It has an area of over 8.5 million square km and a population of more than 210 million.  Brazil is the 5 th largest country by area and population in the world. Brazil hosts the highest number of uncontacted tribes  in the world. According to estimates, more than 100 uncontacted tribes still exist on  earth . At least 67 of these are present in Brazil. ( Source ) Brazil is the place of the world’s biggest bank robbery . On 7 th  August 2005, robbers looted money equal to nearly $70 million from the Banco Central in Fortaleza. ( Source ) Brazil is the largest Portuguese-speaking country in the world. It is one of the three countries (along with Portugal and Sao Tome and Principe) with Portuguese as the native language of the majority population. Equator and Tropic of Capricorn pass through Brazil. It is the  only country  with this geographical feature. Brazil was  invaded last time in 1865 during Paraguayan War. T


Portugal is the westernmost country in mainland Europe. It shares a land border only with Spain . The Kingdom of Portugal gained independence from the Kingdom of Leon in 1143. This makes Portugal the 5 th oldest country in Europe. ( Source ) In the 15 th Century, Portugal became the first commercial and maritime global empire . In later centuries, the Portuguese empire colonized Brazil, East Timor, Macau, and parts of Africa and India. ( Source ) Portuguese were the pioneer of the  transatlantic slave trade  in the 15 th  Century. The first public sale of Africans took place in Portugal in 1444. The Portuguese also built the first permanent slave trading port in today’s Ghana in 1482. ( Source ) In September 2008, Portugal constructed the world’s first commercial  wave energy farm . This farm generates 2.25 MW of electricity which is enough to power 1,500 homes. The target of this farm is to generate 21 MW of clean energy. ( Source ) The Anglo-Portuguese Alliance (Treaty of Wind


Spain is a constitutional monarchy located in southern Europe. It is one of the two countries (the other being Portugal ) present on the Iberian Peninsula . Despite being a monarchy, Spain is known as one of the only few full democracies in the world. According to the 2018 Democracy Index by EIU (Economist Intelligence Unit), Spain is at the 19 th spot in the world with a score of 8.08 (out of a total of 10). ( Source ) Spain has 48 UNESCO World Heritage sites. These are 3 rd  highest number of UNESCO sites  in the world just behind Italy and China (55 each). Before its construction in Paris in 1889, the  Eiffel tower was originally planned for Barcelona. But the city rejected the proposal due to its eyesore-like design. ( Source ) In 2015, a town in Spain became the first in the world to provide  equal rights for pets  along with humans. ( Source ) Spain has allocated more than 10,000 km 2  of land area for the growth of wine grapes. It is the most  area dedicated to wine  in

35+ Interesting Facts About Bears

There are eight extant species of bears. These include giant pandas, polar bears, spectacled (or mountain ) bears, sloth bears, sun bears, Asiatic black bears, American black bears, and brown bears. Bears are present on the continents of Asia, Europe, North America, and South America. Six species of bears are omnivores . Polar bears are carnivores, while giant pandas are herbivores (feed almost entirely on bamboo). In contrast to popular belief, bears are not true hibernators . Their sleeping behavior during winters (for 100 days or more) is called torpor. As opposed to hibernation, these animals can wake up during torpor in case of any danger. Pregnant female bears can also give birth during torpor after waking up at the time. ( Source ) Four bear species  don’t hibernate . These include sun bears, sloth bears, spectacled bears, and giant pandas. The initial three species live in areas with sufficient food in all seasons, while giant pandas can’t hibernate due to less than