Showing posts from October, 2017


Colombia is a transcontinental country with its major part in South America while a few of its small islands are located in North America. Colombia is the only country in South America  with a  coastline on both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. The Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta in Colombia is the  highest coastal mountain range  in the world. A study finds that this mountain range has moved 2,200 km in the last 170 million years. ( Source ) Orchid is not only the national flower of Colombia but the country also contains the largest number of orchids in the world. There are around  4,000 orchid species  in Colombia and 1,500 of them are endemic. ( Source ) Colombia is the biggest  producer of emeralds  in the world that provides more than 50% of emeralds in the international market. The concept of ciclavia started in Colombia’s capital Bogota in 1978. The city transforms 120 km of the highway into a bicycle route on Sundays from 7 AM to 2 PM. It is also the  largest street

25 Interesting Facts About Bolivia

Bolivia is the only South American country with more than half the percentage (55%) of the  indigenous population . Bolivia also has the  highest number  of indigenous people (around 7 million) in South America. North Yungas Road in Bolivia is the world’s most dangerous road . Before the construction of a new road in 2006, it was the only road in this area where the death rate was around 300 travelers per year. Due to such a high death rate, it is notorious as the  “Death Road.”  Landslides, fog, high cliffs, and narrowness make it a challenging road for bikers from around the globe. ( Source )   People in Bolivia have the  shortest average height in the world. The average height for both genders of its population is just 4 feet, 11.5 inches. ( Source ) Bolivia’s capital, La Paz, is located at an altitude of 3640 m (11,942 ft). It makes it the capital city at the highest elevation in the world. ( Source ) Bolivia has the world’s largest system of cable cars in urban areas. Its


There are more than  400 species  of shark. ( Source ) Out of these large number of shark species, only 4 are known to  attack humans without provocation . These are great white sharks,  tiger sharks , bull sharks, and oceanic whitetip sharks. Scientists have discovered three shark species that  glow in the dark . These include the kitefin shark, blackbelly lanternshark, and southern lanternshark. Thousands of photophores in the skin of these shark species provide this unique feature that is important for camouflage. ( Source ) A brain and eyes  warming system  has been discovered in mako sharks and porbeagle sharks. This system keeps the temperature higher in the brain and eyes of these sharks as compared to their surroundings. This protects the nervous system and improves the visual sensitivity of these sharks. ( Source ) Among all the species of shark, the bull shark has the  strongest bite  related to its body size. ( Source ) According to a study,  prehistoric  great white shar


Snakes are present in all the continents except Antarctica . Snakes are also absent from specific areas  including the North Pole and island countries of New Zealand, Ireland, Iceland , and Greenland . Today, all species of snakes are without feet. But it has been proved that their ancestors had feet. A fossil of  120 million-year- old snake has been found having 4 feet with 5 digits each. ( Source ) There are more than 3,000 species of snakes on earth . They are present on land and in water. ( Source )  Snakes have nostrils but they also use their tongue to smell the air. Few species of snakes are diurnal while others are nocturnal. All the snakes are dichromatic that can see blue and green colors (as compared to trichromatic vision in humans that include red color also). The nocturnal species can also see UV (ultraviolet) light that assists them in hunting in the dark. ( Source ) Like few other animals, females of a few snake species can also reproduce asexually . But the

65 Interesting Facts About Fish

Fish are vertebrate animals. They are fully aquatic and breathe underwater.  Fish use gills for breathing, fins for locomotion, and scales to protect their bodies. There are three main types of fish : jawless fish (hagfish, lampreys), cartilaginous fish (whale shark, great white shark, skates), and bony fish (tuna, cod, lionfish, sea horses). There are more than 30,000 species of fish in both saltwater and freshwater. Around 20,000 species are bony fish. According to discovery, the first fish on earth is more than  500 million years old . This first true vertebrate was 6 cm long and had external gills and large protruding eyes. ( Source ) Catfish have the  highest number of taste buds  in the animal kingdom. Few large catfish can have up to 175,000 taste buds. It helps them to detect prey in extremely muddy and murky water. Comparatively, humans have 10,000 and chickens 24 taste buds. ( Source ) Few fish species live in the Antarctic Ocean. The temperature of the Southern Ocean