1. Portugal is the westernmost country in mainland Europe. It shares a land border only with Spain.
  2. The Kingdom of Portugal gained independence from the Kingdom of Leon in 1143. This makes Portugal the 5th oldest country in Europe. (Source)
  3. In the 15th Century, Portugal became the first commercial and maritime global empire. In later centuries, the Portuguese empire colonized Brazil, East Timor, Macau, and parts of Africa and India. (Source)
  4. Portuguese were the pioneer of the transatlantic slave trade in the 15th Century. The first public sale of Africans took place in Portugal in 1444. The Portuguese also built the first permanent slave trading port in today’s Ghana in 1482. (Source)
  5. In September 2008, Portugal constructed the world’s first commercial wave energy farm. This farm generates 2.25 MW of electricity which is enough to power 1,500 homes. The target of this farm is to generate 21 MW of clean energy. (Source)
  6. The Anglo-Portuguese Alliance (Treaty of Windsor) was signed on 9th May 1386. This military alliance of more than 600 years is known as the oldest military alliance in the world. (Source)
  7. Portugal has had an active navy since the 12th Century. This makes the Portuguese navy the oldest naval force in the world.
  8. 97% area of Portugal is the ocean while the land area is just 3%. It is due to Portugal’s autonomous regions in the Atlantic Ocean.
  9. The EEZ (exclusive economic zone) of Portugal has expanded over an area of 1,727,408 km2. It is the 3rd largest EEZ for any country in the European Union and the 11th largest in the world.
  10. Apart from continental Portugal, two autonomous regions are also part of the Republic of Portugal. These autonomous regions (Azores and Madeira) are a group of small islands in the North Atlantic Ocean.
  11. Vasco de Gama Bridge in Portugal is the longest bridge in Europe. Portugal has 3 bridges in the list of the 10 longest bridges in Europe. (Source)
  12. Bertrand bookshop in Lisbon, Portugal, is the oldest operating bookshop in the world. It was established in 1732. (Source)
  13. Portugal is the world’s largest producer of cork. Around 35% of worldwide cork forests are present in Portugal while the country also produces around half of the total international cork production. 
  14. Due to the extensive use of tiles on floors, Portugal is known as the country of tiles.
  15. In 2016, Portugal won the World Golf Awards as the “Best Golf Destination in the World” for 3rd consecutive year. There are more than 90 golf courses in Portugal.
  16. Manoel de Oliveira was the oldest active director in the world when he died in 2015 at age of 106. He was known as the dean of Portuguese cinema. (Source)
  17. The world’s first pirate code was invented by a Portuguese pirate in the 17th Century.
  18. In 1884, Portugal became the world’s first country to abolish life imprisonment. (Source
    Prisoners in a prison
    Portugal is the first country to abolish life imprisonment 
  19. Portugal is also the first country in the world to decriminalize common drugs. In 2001, the use and possession of the small quality of heroin, marijuana, cocaine, LSD, etc. were decriminalized. (Source)
  20. Portugal abolished the death penalty in 1867. It was the world’s third country to abolish capital punishment after San Marino (1848) and Venezuela (1863). (Source)
  21. Portugal has the 3rd lowest fertility rate in the world. The fertility rate in this European country is just 1.24. (Source)
  22. Portugal has the largest reserves of lithium (used in electric batteries) in Europe. Two large mines of lithium in the country will start production in 2020. (Source)
  23. The largest omelet was prepared in Portugal on 11th August 2012. Its weight was around 6.5 tonnes. 145,000 were eggs used in this omelet and it took 6 hours for 55 people to make this omelet. (Source)
  24. On 5th June 2010, Portugal became the 8th country in the world (and 6th in Europe) to legalize same-sex marriage. Full rights of such weddings were granted 5 years later in 2015. (Source
  25. A Portuguese priest is the first person known for the initial documented balloon flight in Europe. This hot air balloon flight was demonstrated in Lisbon on 8th August 1709.
  26. There is a dual citizenship treaty between Portugal and Brazil (former Portuguese colony).
  27. Antonio Guterres became UN Secretary-General on 1st January 2017. Previously, he served as Prime Minister of Portugal from 1995 to 2002. This makes him the first former head of government to take the position of UN Secretary-General.
  28. Portuguese, the native language of Portugal, is the 6th most spoken language in the world with around 260 million speakers. It has official status in 10 countries around the world.
  29. In 1543, three Portuguese sailors became the first Europeans to reach Japan. These Portuguese also introduced a dish to the Japanese that is now known as Japanese tempura. (Source) 
  30. Portugal is the 10th most visited country in Europe by foreigners. Around 23 million tourists visited Portugal in 2018. (Source 
  31. Portugal has the 4th highest ATMs per capita in the world. (Source 
  32. Lisbon is the 2nd oldest capital city in Europe after Athens. It was initially settled in 1200 BC.
  33. Portugal fulfills more than 55% of its energy requirement through renewable resources. Most of the renewable energy comes from wind power (24.3%) and hydropower (24.1%). (Source)
  34. The University of Coimbra in Portugal is the 9th oldest university in the world. It is also one of the UNESCO World Heritage sites. (Source)
  35. The Lisbon earthquake of 1755 is known as one of the most powerful earthquakes in Europe. The earthquake produced tsunami and fires that took the lives of around 75,000 people and destroyed 90% of buildings in Lisbon alone.
  36. Lisbon in Portugal is the 6th sunniest city in Europe. The city has 2,799 annual sunshine hours along with a nice daily average temperature of 21 Celsius.
  37. The biggest wave ever surfed was 80 feet high. This record was made in Nazare, Portugal. (Source
    Surfers at sea
    World's biggest wave was surfed in Portugal
  38. In 1498, Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama became the first European to reach India by sea. (Source)
  39. Chili, pepper, tomatoes, and potatoes were introduced in India by the Portuguese. (Source)
  40. Portugal was the first country that introduced tea to Europe in the 16th Century.
  41. There are 17 UNESCO World Heritage sites in Portugal. 16 of these are cultural sites along with a single natural site. (Source)
  42. During the 14th Century, a Portuguese king exhumed the corpse of his lover and she became dead crowned queen. (Source)
  43. Portuguese are responsible for few important scientific inventions. These include the ATM network, identification system for the color blind, electronic toll collection system, the nautical astrolabe, and the wheelchair lift.
  44. World record for the largest Santa Claus Parade was made in Porto, a city in northern Portugal, in 2010. This parade was attended by 14,963 people dressed as Santa. (Source
  45. Pastel de Nata is the most favorite and popular sweet in Portugal. These soft and sweet custard tarts were invented in a monastery in Belem, west of Lisbon, around 300 years ago.
  46. Portugal is named after Porto, the second-largest city of Portugal.
  47. Portugal has the highest rate of divorce in Europe. The divorce rate here is 64.2 per every 100 marriages. (Source)


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