65+ Interesting Facts About India

  1. India is the 2nd largest country by population and the 7th largest by area.
  2. India and China are the only two countries with over 1 billion human population each, while around 35% population of the whole world resides in these two countries.
  3. During the 1970s, India initiated a sterilization campaign to halt the rapidly increasing population. This campaign resulted in the forced sterilization of millions of men.
  4. India was the place of discovery of diamonds in the 4th Century BC. It remained the only source of diamonds in the world till the 18th Century. (Source)
  5. There is a glacial lake in Indian Himalayas known as Roopkund Lake. It is commonly known as Skeleton Lake due to hundreds of human skeletons. DNA analysis shows that these skeletons belong to people of different ancestries. (Source)
  6. India is the 2nd largest English-speaking country in the world. There are around 125 million English speakers in India. The majority of these speak English as 2nd language. (Source)
  7. India has more than 814 million registered voters, which makes it the largest democracy. (Source)
    A women polling station
    India is the world's largest democracy
  8. There is a polling booth in India’s Gir Forest for just one person. (Source)
  9. Delhi and Mumbai are the world’s 2nd and 7th largest cities. (Source)
  10. Mawsynram and Cherrapunji in India are the two places with the highest average annual rainfall in the world (467 inches and 450 inches, respectively). (Source
  11. India is one of the three countries in the world (along with Nepal and Mauritius) where Hinduism is a major religion.
  12. Along with Hinduism, India has the highest number of people adherent to Jainism, Sikhism, Baha’i, and Zoroastrianism.
  13. The world’s first hospital train launched on 16th July 1991 in Mumbai. A Mumbai-based NGO was behind this initiative. Since its launch, the “Lifeline Express” has treated more than 1.2 million people, primarily those living in far-flung areas of rural India. (Source)
  14. Around 70% of households in India are devoid of toilets. (Source)
    Toilet seat
    Scarcity of toilets is a major issue in Indian households

  15. India has the largest population in the whole world living below the poverty level.
  16. India has the highest number of bonded laborers in the whole world. It has more than 18 million modern-day slaves, far more than any other country. (Source)
  17. Antilia in Mumbai is the world’s 2nd most expensive mansion, worth $1 billion. The owner of this 27-story mansion is Mukesh Ambani, India’s richest person. (Source)
  18. India has the highest percentage and the largest number of vegetarians. Around 38% of people in India are vegetarians. Most of these are Lacto-vegetarians (drink milk). (Source)
  19. Sentinelese people, present on North Sentinel Island in India, are known as the most isolated tribe in the world. They have refused to contact outsiders and attack anyone coming onto the island. So far, they have killed at least three persons; two Indians and one foreigner who landed on this island. (Source)
  20. India has the highest consumption of gold jewelry in the world. (Source)
  21. India is the world’s largest producer of millet, pulses, safflower, ginger, okra (ladies' finger), banana, mango, papaya, lemon, guava, pomegranate, jackfruit, milk, and chili pepper. 
  22. India is the world’s 2nd largest producer of overall agricultural products. But India is far behind in farm productivity and value of agricultural production compared to other major agricultural producers. (Source)
  23. Crystallization of sugar started in India in the 1st Century CE. The refining of sugar also originated in India. (Source)
  24. India is in the 3rd spot regarding the number of active military and paramilitary personnel in the world.
  25. India is the 2nd largest importer of arms in the world. (Source)
  26. There is a “Temple of Rats” in the Indian state of Rajasthan. More than 20,000 rats reside here that are worshipped by visitors. (Source)
  27. Kashi Vishwanath Temple in Varanasi and Tirupati Tirumala Devasthanams Temple in Andhra Pradesh are the 2nd and 4th most visited religious places in the world. (Source)
  28. Around 20 million people attended the Hindu religious festival of Kumbh Mela in 2001 in India. It is famous as the world’s largest peaceful gathering in history. 
  29. According to a 2018 report by Thompson Reuters Foundation, India is the most dangerous country for women. India achieved this place mainly for its worst record of sexual violence, traditional practices, and human trafficking (sex slavery, forced labor, etc.). This survey includes the opinions of more than 550 experts from all over the world. (Source)
  30. Sonagachi in Kolkata (India) is the largest red-light district in Asia. (Source)
  31. More than one million female babies are killed before birth in India through abortion annually. This practice has decreased the female-to-male ratio in some areas. (Source)
  32. Ziona Chen has the largest family in the world, with 39 wives and 94 children. This family lives in the Indian state of Mizoram. (Source)
  33. Siachen glacier in northern Kashmir is known as the world’s highest battlefield. India and Pakistan have been fighting at an altitude of 6,700 m since 1984. (Source)
  34. There is a floating post office inside Dal Lake in Srinagar. This post office has been serving for the past two centuries. It is the only post office of its kind in the world. (Source)
  35. India has ten cities among the top 20 most polluted cities. (Source)
    Air pollution
    India has 10 of the world's 20 most polluted cities 

  36. Indian capital New Delhi is the most polluted capital city in the world. New Delhi is holding this position for three consecutive years. (Source)
  37. Mumbai, the most populous city in India, has the worst traffic congestion in the world. India's capital New Delhi has the world’s 4th worst traffic congestion. (Source)
  38. India has the 3rd biggest network of roads in the world. The length of this road network is more than 4 million km. (Source)
  39. India has the highest Muslim population in any Muslim minority country.
  40. According to an estimate, there are 300,000 mosques in India, the highest in the world. (Source)
  41. There are several modern and ancient inventions attributed to India or Indians. A few commonly used Indian inventions are shampoo, Pentium chips, radio waves, USB ports, buttons, etc.
  42. In February 2015, India launched 104 small satellites into orbit in a single day. Three belonged to India, while the remaining 101 were foreign satellites.
  43. On 24th September 2014, India became the first Asian country to launch a successful mission to Mars.
  44. India launched the lightest satellite in orbit in 2019. The weight of Kalamsat V2 is 1.26 kg. (Source)
  45. In 2005, Switzerland declared 26th May as science day in honor of visiting the then-Indian President and former scientist APJ Abdul Kalam. (Source)
  46. India has the highest movie viewing rate in the world. Nearly 2 billion film tickets were sold in India in 2013.
  47. Indian cinema produces the most number of films in the whole world. (Source)
  48. Shakuntala Devi from India is one of a few humans known as human calculators. She was able to do very tricky mathematical calculations in no time without assistance from calculators. (Source)
  49. India’s first-ever satellite towards the moon, Chandrayaan-1, played a vital role in detecting water on the moon. (Source)
    Near side of moon
    Indian satellite has detected water on moon

  50. India’s first rocket was transported by bicycle and launched from a former Church in 1963. (Source)
  51. Fauja Singh, an Indian citizen, is the oldest marathon runner. He appeared in Hong Kong Marathon 2013 at 102 years of age. He is the first person above 100 to complete a marathon. (Source)
  52. There is a spa in the Indian state of Kerala dedicated to elephants. This spa is attached to a Hindu temple. (Source)
  53. There are 38 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. Most of these are cultural sites. (Source)
  54. Two Indian cities have made their place in UNESCO World Heritage sites. (Source)
  55. Khardung La in India is the highest motorable road in the world. This road in Ladakh is 5,600 meters above sea level.
  56. A hill in Ladakh, northern India, is known as Magnetic Hill. This hill is famous for pulling stationary vehicles upward.
  57. The world’s largest postal system is in India. India Post has 460,000 employees that handle more than 6 billion pieces of mail every year. There are more than 154,000 post offices in this postal system. (Source) 
  58. The Chail cricket ground in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh is the world’s highest cricket ground. It is at an elevation of 8,018 feet above sea level. (Source)
  59. Khari Baoli in Delhi is the largest wholesale spice market in Asia. This spice market was established in the 17th Century during the Mughal era. (Source
  60. Bandra Worli Sealink in India weighs equivalent to that of 50,000 African elephants. The steel wires used in its construction are equal to the circumference of the earth. (Source)
  61. India became part of Asia around 40 million years ago. Before that, India was an island. (Source
    Changing position of Indian plate in millions of years
    India was an island 40 million years ago

  62. The 84-year-old Chandro Tomar from India is the world’s oldest sharpshooter. She learned shooting at 65 years and has won more than 30 national shooting championships. (Source)
  63. Jyoti kisanji Amge from India is the shortest woman living. Her height is 62.8 cm (2 feet 07 inches). (Source)
  64. Vijay Kumar from India is the person with the highest number of teeth in the world. He has 37 teeth in his mouth. (Source)
  65. City Montessori School in Lucknow is the world’s largest school by pupils. There are more than 55,000 students in this school. (Source)
  66. It is illegal for foreigners and non-resident Indians to carry Indian currency while leaving the country. They must change the Indian rupee with foreign currency before boarding a flight. (Source)
  67. Nobel Peace Prize was not awarded in 1948 due to the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi. His name was already shortlisted for this award. (Source)


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