40+ Interesting Facts About Sweden

  1. Sweden is one of the three countries in the Scandinavian Peninsula. It lies between Norway and Finland.
  2. Sweden has a mild climate, related to its surroundings. It is due to the influence of the warm North Atlantic current and the moderate southwesterly winds.
  3. More than 60% area in northern Sweden is mountainous with forests. The soil in the southern part of the country is fertile.
  4. Sweden has the highest number of islands in the world. According to estimates, this Nordic country has 221,800 islands. (Source)
  5. Sweden recycles 99% of its domestic waste. Along with that, the country also imports and recycles more than 2 million tons of rubbish from Norway, the UK, Ireland, and other countries. (Source)
  6. Sweden has the largest stealth ship in the world. This corvette is 72m long and has a displacement of 600 tons. (Source)
  7. Sarek National park in northern Sweden is Europe’s oldest national park, established in 1909. The country established a total of 9 national parks in 1909.
    A view of Sarek National Park in Sweden
    Sarek National Park is the oldest in Europe

  8. Sweden experiences midnight sun during the summer season and 20 hours of darkness during winters in the extreme north. The sunlight hours change considerably during winters and summers in Stockholm as well.
  9. Swedish, the mother language of 90% of the population, is the national language of Sweden. The country also has several national minority languages.
  10. More than 60% of residents in Sweden follow the Church of Sweden. Around 30% do not follow any religion.
  11. The Kingdom of Sweden became part of the Kalmar Union from 1397 to 1523. The kingdoms of Denmark and Norway were also part of this union.
  12. Sweden fought its last war in 1814 against Norway. In 2014, the country celebrated 200 years of peace. (Source)
  13. The border between Sweden and Norway is the longest in Europe. It is 1,630 km long.
  14. Sweden is the most populous country in the Nordic region, with a population of over 10 million.
  15. Lake Vanern in Sweden is the largest lake in northern Europe and the 3rd largest in the European continent. 
  16. Several Swedish companies are known worldwide. These include Volvo (car manufacturer), Ericsson (telecommunication company), H&M (clothing company), and others.
  17. Sweden has the second-largest protected area in Europe after Germany.
  18. Sweden has the 2nd highest tax-to-GDP ratio in OECD after Denmark. This ratio is 48.2% in Sweden compared to 48.9% in Denmark. (Source)
  19. Sweden is the 4th most competitive economy in the world. It was ranked the 2nd most competitive economy in 2021. (Source)
  20. Sweden has performed best several times in Global Green Economy Index. It is due to factors like carbon efficiency, innovation, and green branding. (Source)
  21. Sweden is connected to Denmark in the south through a bridge-tunnel. The Oresund Bridge is Europe’s longest combined road and rail bridge. (Source)
    Satellite image of the Oresund Bridge
    The Oresund Bridge is the Europe's longest rail and road bridge

  22. Sweden founded the Riksbank in 1668. It is the oldest central bank in the world.
  23. Sweden has the highest carbon tax in the world. It is $137 per metric ton of CO2. (Source)  
  24. The Nobel Prize started in 1901 as the will of Swedish chemist and engineer Alfred Nobel. Except for the Nobel Peace Prize in Norway, all the other awards are distributed in Sweden. The host country has won 32 Nobel prizes.
  25. Sweden has achieved 2nd position in the Global Innovation Index 2021. The country has performed better in 2021 compared to 2019 and 2020. (Source)
  26. The world’s first ice hotel opened in the northern part of Sweden in 1989. The same ICEHOTEL 365 has now become the first permanent ice hotel by using solar-powered refrigerating plants in summer. (Source)  
  27. Stockholm Metro stations are known for their colorful art. 150 artists have painted 90 of the 100 stations of this tunnel system. It is known as the world’s longest art gallery. (Source)
  28. Swedes take a traditional break during work hours, known as “Fika”. They enjoy tea and pastries once or twice a day during this break.
  29. Sweden has one of the oldest monarchies in the world. The Kingdom of Sweden has established around 970 AD.
  30. A town in northern Sweden has introduced phototherapy lamps in several bus shelters. This harmless light can boost energy and treat seasonal affective disorder. (Source)
  31. There are nearly 400,000 moose in Sweden. Their density is 3 times that of Canada and 10 times of Russia. Around 100,000 animals are hunted yearly, but they recover their numbers after the hunting season. (Source)
  32. In 1979, Sweden became the world’s first country to prohibit corporal punishment of children by parents. This practice was outlawed in Swedish schools in 1958. (Source)
  33. In 2017, Sweden put its entire countryside on Airbnb for people around the world. People are allowed to camp, hike, and enjoy for free. (Source)
  34. Sweden is behind several beneficial inventions. These include Celsius temperature scale, ultrasound, GPS, Skype, flat-screen monitor, computer mouse, pacemaker, dynamite, propeller, telephone handset, Tetrapak, safety match, adjustable wrench, three-point seatbelt, zipper, milking machine, etc.
  35. In 1974, North Korea imported 1,000 Volvo cars and other mechanical equipment from Sweden worth $73 million. North Korea hasn’t paid the debt that has surpassed $330 million. (Source
    Volvo cars
    N. Korea hasn't paid debt of Swedish Volvo cars for decades

  36. Sweden is one of the 8 member countries of the EU that are not using the euro as currency. The country is using Swedish Krona.
  37. Stockholm has been the permanent capital of Sweden for 500 years since 1523.
  38. Many houses in the Swedish countryside are painted bright red. This practice has been continued for centuries thanks to a large copper mine in central Sweden. This largest mine in Europe collapsed during the 17th Century but still provides red paint through its leftover rocks and iron ore. (Source)
  39. A newspaper from Sweden started publishing in 1645. It is one of the world’s oldest continuously published newspapers. (Source)
  40. Sweden is located in one of the oldest and most stable parts of the earth’s crust.
  41. In 2007, Sweden became the first country to establish an embassy in Second Life, a virtual world. This embassy provides information about the Nordic country. (Source)
  42. Sweden was the host of the 1912 summer Olympics. It was the last time when gold medals were made with pure gold. Now, silver medals with gold coating are distributed in Olympic Games. (Source)

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