105 Unique Facts About Animals
- Animals have two main groups: vertebrates (with a spine) and invertebrates (without a spine).
- Mammals, birds, reptiles, fishes, and amphibians are the main types of vertebrate animals.
- Invertebrate animals are mainly composed of insects, Arachnids (spiders, scorpions, mites, etc.), mollusks (snails, octopus, squid, etc.), crustaceans (lobsters, crabs, shrimp, etc.), and a few others.
- Mammals and birds are warm-blooded animals that can adjust their body temperatures according to their surroundings. All the other animals are cold-blooded.
- Most animals appeared during the Cambrian period, around 540 million years ago in just 20 to 25 million years. It is known as the Cambrian explosion and is the main event used by creationists to deny Darwin’s theory of evolution. (Source)
- A parasitic blob is the only known animal on earth with no mitochondrial genome and doesn’t breathe. (Source)
- Northern pseudoscorpion, a tiny arachnid, can survive without breathing for 17 days. They can live underwater for 17 days even if the oxygen has been removed from the water. (Source)
- Loriciferans, a microscopic jellyfish-like creature, is the only known animal that can survive without oxygen. These animals are present at the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea. This area has had no oxygen for the past 50,000 years. (Source)
- The Blue whale is the largest animal ever to live on earth. It is far bigger than any other (extant or extinct) marine and land animal.
- The Colossal Squid is the largest known invertebrate. It has a maximum length of around 45 feet and weighs up to 750 kg.
- Earthworms are beneficial for the soil in several ways, including biologically (converting large organic matter into humus), chemically (altering sand grains into rich gizzard for plants), and physically (maintaining soil structure and facilitating aeration and drainage).
- The dog was the first pet animal on earth. Humans domesticated dogs between 13,000 and 30,000 years ago. Sheep, goats (11,000 years ago), and cats (9,000 years ago) were domesticated later. (Source)
- Around 200 species of animals and plants are becoming extinct every day. This extinction rate is 1,000 times faster than the natural rate. (Source)
- Animal life is also present in the depth of the Mariana trench, the deepest known place on earth’s surface. Some animals in this extreme depth include sea cucumbers, shrimps, and a few others. (Source)
- Pompeii worm is the earth’s most heat-tolerant animal that can live at a temperature of 176 F (80o C). The bacteria on its body help the worm to withstand this extremely high temperature. (Source)
- Colossal Squids have the largest eyes among all the animals. The diameter of the colossal squid’s eye is 11 inches (27 cm). (Source)
- Scientists have discovered “good bacteria” in at least 25 deep-sea sponges. Experiments show that these bacteria can kill dangerous antibiotic-resistant bacteria like C.difficile and MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus). (Source)
- Sponges are the longest-living animals on earth. A deep-sea sponge is 11,000 years old. (Source)
- Almost all the longest-living animals on earth are either aquatic or semi-aquatic. (Source)
is a common belief that sponges are the first animal on earth. But recent studies show
that the earliest animal could be comb jelly. (Source)
Comb jelly could be the first animal on earth
- Australian Box Jellyfish is the most venomous marine animal. The venom in this marine animal can kill a human or animal within minutes. (Source)
- There are more than 2,000 species of jellyfish on earth. All these jellyfish produce venom, but only a few are dangerous to humans. (Source)
- Jack jumper ants have the lowest possible number of chromosomes among multicellular animals. Their chromosome number is 2n = 2. (Source)
- Olm, a blind cave salamander, can remain alive for 12 years or more without eating anything. (Source)
- Several animals lack color vision and can only see in black and white. This Monochromatic vision is present in animals like bats, raccoons, seals, sea lions, walruses, dolphins, whales, a few fish, etc. Humans and most other primates are trichromats that can see color vision. Cats, dogs, and a few other animals are dichromatic with limited color vision. (Source)
- Just a few animals can see UV light. These include: butterflies, reindeer, bees, a few species of birds, etc. (Source)
- Few animals can see infrared light. These include snakes, fish, frogs, and blood-sucking insects. (Source)
- Several mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish have a third eyelid. This thin membrane protects the eyes from debris, enables them to see underwater clearly, and sharpens their vision by providing moisture to the eyes. (Source)
- Few fish species (tuna and pelagic sharks) and reptiles (Tuataras, lizards, frogs, etc.) have three eyes. This third eye (known as a parietal eye) is at the top of their head. This additional eye is not for vision but helps to adjust the circadian clock.
- Opossums have the shortest gestation period among all animals. The female opossum will give birth to a child after 12 to 14 days of pregnancy.
- The Giant armadillo has the longest claws-to-body ratio (22%) in the animal kingdom. These are the longest claws-to-body ratio for any animal in history. (Source)
- Starfish, sea cucumbers, salamanders, and a few other marine and land animals have a strong ability to regenerate. They can regenerate their lost limbs and other body parts.
- Salamanders have the extraordinary ability to regenerate their limbs and parts of their major organs (including the brain and spinal cord). They do so by using their immune system. (Source)
- Asexual reproduction is possible in various animals. Females of several insects, fish, birds, and reptiles can reproduce without mating with male partners. (Source)
- According to research, sexual reproduction started in the animal kingdom around 540 million years ago. The first animals to reproduce sexually were tube-like creatures known as Funisia dorothea. (Source)
- Bottlenose Dolphin has the longest memory among all the animals (after humans). They can recognize the whistle of other dolphins even after 20 years of separation. (Source)
- Jellyfish, sea stars, sea cucumbers, sea urchins, corals, and a few other simple animals are without brains. These animals can easily do all the necessary things to survive even in the absence of a brain. (Source)
- Mantis shrimp exerts the force of a 0.22 caliber bullet in its punch that can even break the shells of its victims. This marine animal can do so by using its arm like a bow and arrow. (Source)
Mantis shrimps have an extremely powerful punch and the best visual system
- Mantis shrimps have the world’s most complex visual system. They can see visible, UV, and polarized light through 16 photoreceptors in their eyes. They are the only animals that can detect circularly polarized light. (Source)
- Hagfish is the only known animal having a skull without a vertebral column. (Source)
- Atretochoana is the largest lungless tetrapod. Due to its resemblance to the human penis, it is commonly known as a “penis snake”. (Source)
- In some animals, the gender of an embryo is affected by the temperature of the embryo’s environment. Temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD) has been observed in many species of reptiles (crocodiles, turtles, and a few lizards) and fish. (Source)
- Sea turtles, salmons, and some other animals can use the Earth’s magnetic field for navigation. (Source)
- The bite of a Brazilian wandering spider, a dangerous venomous spider, gives hours-long painful erection to male victims. It works differently compared to Viagra and other such drugs. This venom might prove beneficial for erectile dysfunction in the future. (Source)
- Parrots, bats, and a few other animals eat dirt. They do so either for nutrition or detoxification purposes. (Source)
- Few animals (Glass frogs, glass octopus, moon jellyfish, glasswing butterfly, ghost shrimp, etc.) have transparent bodies. Their internal organs (liver, heart, GI tract, etc.) are visible from the outside. (Source)
- Chinese giant salamander is the world’s largest amphibian with length and weight up to 5’9” and 65 pounds respectively. This strange animal can produce several sounds including crying, hissing, barking, and whining. Due to this characteristic, its Chinese nickname is “the infant fish”.
- Bryostatin 1 is a chemical compound expected to be a potent anti-cancer drug. This compound was initially extracted in the 1960s from a bryozoan (moss animal).
- Oyster shells are a rich source of calcium carbonate. They are commonly used as supplements of calcium carbonate. (Source)
- Spider silk is 5 times stronger than steel. There are plans to use spider silk in future bulletproof jackets. (Source)
- Few birds, mammals, insects, and amphibians suck the blood of other animals to fulfill their dietary needs. Assassin bugs, vampire bats, vampire flying frogs, vampire fish, and Kenyan jumping spiders are some examples of these blood-sucking animals. (Source)
- Galapagos finches have the most powerful bite relative to their body mass among all extant and extinct animals (mammals, reptiles, and birds). The bite of this small bird is 320 times more powerful than that of the T.rex dinosaur. (Source)
- Limpets, aquatic snails, have the strongest teeth in the animal kingdom. These snails use their teeth to get food (algae) from rock surfaces. These teeth are made from a material that is considered the strongest biological structure on earth. (Source)
- According to a discovery, a jawless vertebrate had the sharpest teeth among animals that ever existed. This eel-like creature lived before 200 million years ago. (Source)
- The jaws of ragworms are extremely strong but very light compared to such materials in other animals that are made from calcium. It is due to a large quantity of a protein (histidine) that binds tightly with zinc. The combination of strong and light teeth makes it a demanding material for aircraft.
- Bowhead whales have the largest mouth among all the animals. It uses this huge mouth to eat around 2 tons of food daily. (Source)
- Limulus amebocyte lysate is a clotting agent used to test the presence of dangerous bacteria on antibiotics and kidney machines. This clotting agent is present in the blood of Atlantic horseshoe crabs.
- Leeches suck blood, and this ability has been used to treat several blood-related diseases in humans since ancient times. The anticoagulant Hirudin is extracted naturally from the salivary glands of leeches.
- Apart from mammals and birds, females are usually larger than males in most other animal species (most reptiles, amphibians, fish, insects, arthropods, worms, etc.). (Source)
- Moths can hear the sound of 300 kilohertz. It is the highest known frequency of sound that any animal can hear. (Source)
- Several animals (birds, reptiles, etc.) lack external ears. These animals use various body parts and methods to hear and distinguish between different sounds. (Source)
- The Blood
color of animals is not always red. Animals can have blood of various colors, including yellow (beetles, sea cucumber), green (marine worms, leeches), blue
(spiders, octopuses), and purple (peanut worms, penis worms) due to various
types of blood proteins in their bodies. (Source)
- Nematodes, flatworms, and cnidarians (corals, jellyfish, and sea anemones) are the only animals that don’t have blood and circulatory system. They obtain oxygen and nutrients directly from the water where they live. (Source)
- Crayfish and lobsters can swim forward and backward with their swimmerets and flips of the abdomen, respectively. Lobsters can also walk in any direction thanks to their ten walking legs. (Source)
- Bivalve mollusks can play a vital role in the identification of metal pollution in waters where they are present. They ingest these pollutants that remain in their systems. These metals haven’t been proven to cause serious ill effects in these animals. (Source)
- Krill can eat and digest micro-plastic into
nano-plastics. This ability can prove helpful in reducing plastic pollution in
Krill can reduce ocean plastic pollution
- According to estimates, the population of Antarctic krill is around 500 trillion, the highest in the animal kingdom. (Source)
- Nematode roundworms are the most abundant animals on the planet as they constitute 80% of all the animals on earth. These animals account for 90% of all the life present in ocean sediment. They are present almost everywhere in marine water, freshwater, polar regions, mountains, deserts, etc. (Source)
- Some animals eat their feces, soil, and toxins. Rabbits, hares, and several other small and medium-sized herbivorous animals eat their poo. Many birds and primates eat soil, while few insects consume a toxic diet. (Source)
- Few animals have survived all types of dangers and are leading their taxonomic category in population. These include ants (insects), copepods (crustaceans), lightfishes (fish), frogs (amphibians), viviparous lizards (reptiles), red-billed quelea (birds), and the brown rat (mammals). (Source)
- Most of the animals use water for swimming, but a large number of animals can also walk on water. More than 1,200 animal species can do so either as gliders or slappers. This ability is present in both small (insects and spiders) and large animals (reptiles, birds, and mammals). (Source)
- Few fish, mammals, and insects have Electroreception capacity. These animals use this feature to detect prey or other food sources. (Source)
- Venoms and poisons from animals have several medicinal properties. At least 11 toxin-based drugs have been derived from snakes, lizards, leeches, and cone snails. Bee venom has anti-wrinkling effects. (Source)
- Studies have proved that all types of octopuses
and cuttlefish (along with a few squids) are venomous. (Source)
- Corals are marine invertebrate animals that remain stationary underwater. They build structures known as coral reefs, made up of calcium carbonate, that act as a housing place for many fish species and protect coastlines by absorbing wave energy.
- Paedophryne amanuensis is a species of frog living in Papua New Guinea. It is the world’s smallest vertebrate animal, with a length of just 7.7 mm (0.3 inches).
- Kangaroos, wallabies, seahorses, horned marsupial frogs, and a few other animals have pocket-like structures on different parts of their bodies. These pouches are used to perform various functions.
- Zombie (or bone-eating) worms are known for living in the bones of whales, fish, and other animals. These worms dissolve bones through the secretion of an acid that results in the death of the host animal. (Source)
- Few mammals and birds employ the feature of echolocation (finding objects through echo) to find food in their environment. It is a necessity in caves, underwater, and other dark locations. (Source)
- Several birds, insects, mammals, and reptiles eat medicinal plants for self-medication. They do so to treat diseases, remove the venom, aid digestion, kill parasites, and solve pregnancy issues. (Source)
- Few birds (peregrine falcon, blackbird, wild duck), marine mammals (dolphins, beluga whales, sea lions), and reptiles (crocodiles) keep their one eye and half brain open while sleeping. (Source)
- Coconut crabs, the largest crabs on earth, have the strongest pinch per body mass of any animal. (Source)
- A millipede named I. Plenipes has the most number of feet in the animal kingdom. The female of this millipede has around 700 feet with a body length of just 1.3 inches. (Source)
- Poison dart frogs are the most poisonous animals on earth. The poison on these brightly colored frogs is so dangerous that consuming even a small amount can cause death. (Source)
- Mangrove tunicate (also known as sea squirt), a
marine invertebrate animal, contains a compound named ET-743. This compound can kill cancer cells. (Source)
Tunicates are the only cellulose-producing animals
- Tunicates (or Urochordates) are also the only animal that produces cellulose. (Source)
- Few animals (horned lizards, crickets, etc.) eject venomous blood from their eyes as a defensive technique. It is known as reflex bleeding or autohemorrhaging, which affects the oral receptors of predators. (Source)
- Rabbits and parrots are the only two animals that can see behind without turning their heads. It is possible due to the position of their eyes. (Source)
- Most animals can see through their eyes. But some animals can see without eyes. These include animals without eyes and also those having functional eyes. Few of these animals include: sea urchins, hydras, scorpions, swallowtail butterflies, a few mollusks, etc. (Source)
- The skin of an octopus is made from a light-sensitive pigment that is present in the eyes. It is therefore expected that these animals use their skin to see. (Source)
- Platypus, echidnas, and around 25% of species of fish are the only vertebrate animals that don’t have a stomach. (Source)
- Only a few animals have been found to recognize themselves in mirror tests. These include ants, Asian elephants, bottlenose dolphins, Eurasian magpies (a bird in the crow family), manta rays (a fish), and others. (Source)
- Few animals are considered to be purely herbivores (plant-eaters), but they eat flesh occasionally. Few of these include lorikeets (a parrot), deer, cows, sheep, etc. (Source)
- Few tortoises, frogs, mice, and rats can live without drinking water for years. These animals can conserve a large amount of water in their bodies that can last for years. (Source)
- A kangaroo rat can live for up to 10 years. This
rodent can live its entire life without drinking water. They can fulfill their water requirement through (water present in) seeds and beans they eat. (Source)
Kangaroo rat can live without drinking water for years
- Several animals change the color of their skin or hair according to changes in season, especially those living in snowy areas. These animals turn their body (or hair) color to white in winter and dark in the summer season. (Source)
- Coloration is widespread in the animal kingdom, but the procedure is different in warm-blooded and cold-blooded animals. Mammals and birds change their color by producing a new coat of fur and feathers. On the other hand, fish, reptiles, and amphibians change their body color through the bichrome present in their skin cells. (Source)
- Few species of fish, crab, ants, and other animals grow their food by farming or livestock. (Source)
- Kangaroos and emus are the two known animals that can’t walk backward. (Source)
- Wars and battles are common in several animal species. Ants invade termites and other ant colonies, hornets assault honeybees, and chimpanzees raid their neighboring colonies. (Source)
- Studies show that apes and rodents are the only animals that can laugh. (Source)
- Few animals (snakes, ducks, frogs, lizards, etc.) swallow their food whole. They do so either due to the absence of teeth or because their teeth cannot chew the food.
- Fruit flies were the first animals launched into outer space in 1947. Many other animals were also launched into space later. These include: mice, monkeys, dogs, cats, rabbits, tortoises, spiders, fish, jellyfish, etc. (Source)
- Some invertebrate animals practice sexual cannibalism, where females eat their mates during or after mating. Animals with this behavior include black widow spiders, jumping spiders, golden orb spiders, praying mantis, the Chinese mantis, green anacondas, and scorpions. (Source)
- Asian glass lizards have the longest tail by body length. Jerboa, spider monkeys, whiptail rays, and ribbon-tailed astrapia also have extraordinarily long tails. (Source)