55+ Interesting Facts About Australia

  1. Australia is the 6th largest country by area in the world. It is also the largest country in Oceania and Southern Hemisphere.
  2. After Norway, Australia has the 2nd highest human development index. (Source)
  3. Melbourne and Sydney are the 2nd and 3rd most livable cities. Adelaide is the 3rd Australian city on the list of the world’s top 10 most livable cities. (Source)
  4. Australia has the cleanest air in the world. The outdoor and indoor air quality in Australia is the world’s best. (Source)
  5. Australians spend (and also lose) the most money in gambling around the globe. An average Australian adult lost $990 in 2016, 49% more than the next-biggest losers, Singaporeans. (Source)
  6. Australia is a sovereign country with its parliament and government. But Queen Elizabeth II is the current monarch of Australia.
  7. Most of the population in Australia resides in coastal areas as the climate of the inner part is hot and dry.
  8. Australia is the 5th most atheist country in the world and the most atheist nation in the Southern Hemisphere. More than 10% of people in Australia are “convinced atheists.” (Source)
  9. Daintree Rainforest in Australia is the oldest known forest in the world. It is 100-180 million years old. It is also the largest rainforest on the Australian continent, spreading over an area of 460 square miles. (Source)
  10. Anna Creek Station in South Australia is the largest cattle station in the world. With an area of 24,000 square km, this cattle station is bigger than Israel and about the same size as Rwanda. (Source)
  11. Around 50% area in Australia (in interior and Western Australia) is a hot desert.
  12. The world’s first seatbelt law was introduced in Victoria, Australia, in 1970. (Source)
  13. Australian silent film The Story of the Kelly Gang is the world’s first dramatic feature film. (Source
  14. The Great Dividing Range (also known as the Eastern Highlands) covers the entire eastern coast of Australia. With a length of around 3,700 km, it is the world’s 3rd longest land-based mountain range (after the Andes in South America and the Rocky Mountains in North America). 
    A waterfall along the Great Dividing Range
    The Great Dividing Range is the 3rd longest mountain range

  15. Around 94% of amphibians, 93% of reptiles, 92% of vascular plants, 87% of mammals, 70% of insects, 54% of birds, and 24% of fishes in Australia are endemic. (Source)
  16. The world’s longest golf course is in Australia. The length of this golf course is 850 miles.
  17. There are only two species of egg-laying mammals on earth. Both these mammals are solely present in Australia (and its neighboring New Guinea). (Source
  18. Australia has the highest number of reptile species in the whole world (more than 1000). (Source)
  19. Australia is one of five countries with more cattle than humans. (Source)
  20. The Dingo-proof Fence in Australia is the longest in the world. Constructing this fence was to protect livestock from dingoes (wild dogs). The length of this fence is 3,437 miles (5531 km). (Source)
  21. There are several venomous and deadly animals in Australia. But most of the human deaths in this island country are caused by domesticated animals like horses, cows, and dogs. (Source
  22. Humans have been living in Australia for more than 40,000 years.
  23. Australia is the world’s largest producer of bauxite. It produces more than 30% of the total bauxite output. Australia also has the world’s 2nd largest reserves of bauxite after Guinea. It holds 22% reserves of this metal in the whole world. (Source)
  24. Australia has the largest reserves of Uranium in the world. It holds 1.66 million tonnes of known recoverable uranium reserves. These are 31% of the total uranium reserves on earth. Australia is also the world’s 3rd biggest uranium-producing country. (Source
  25. Australia is also the world’s largest producer of lithium. The country also has 2nd largest lithium reserves in the world after Chile. (Source)
  26. Australia is the largest producer of iron ore in the world. The country currently produces 900 million metric tonnes of iron ore. (Source)
  27. Australia is the 2nd largest producer of gold in the world. Its current gold production is more than 310 tonnes per year. (Source
  28. Australia imported camels during the 19th century. Now, it is home to the world’s largest population of feral camels (more than 700,000).
  29. These feral camels are harmful to the native ecosystem. To overcome this problem, Australia is now exporting them to Saudi ArabiaUAE, and a few other countries.
  30. The Great Barrier Reef in Australia is the world’s largest coral reef. With an area of more than 1,500 miles, this barrier reef in the Coral Sea is also visible from space. (Source
    Satellite image of the great barrier reef
    Great barrier Reef is the world's largest coral reef
  31. There are more than 8,222 islands in Australia. The country has the 6th highest number of islands in the world.
  32. The four largest sand islands in the world are present in Australia. All these four islands are in the northeastern state of Queensland.
  33. According to a misconception, Canberra became the capital of Australia due to a dispute between Melbourne and Sydney (both cities refused capital city status for the other). But in fact, Canberra was chosen due to its pleasant weather and distance from the coast. (Source)
  34. Swimming in the ocean during the daytime was prohibited in Australia from 1838 to 1902.
  35. There are 29 pink lakes in the world. Seven of these are present in Australia.
  36. Aboriginal (indigenous) Australians own 49% of land in Northern Territory. This largest Australian territory also has the highest percentage (over 25%) of Aboriginal Australians.
  37. New South Wales (NSW) is the most populous state in Australia, with more than 8 million inhabitants. Sydney, the capital of NSW, is the most populous city in Australia. This state also hosts the Australian Capital Territory (Canberra and its surroundings).
  38. South Australia is the only state in Australia that shares a land border with all other states and Northern Territory in mainland Australia.
  39. Western Australia is the largest state in Australia, with a total land area of 2,529,875 km2. It is also the second-largest subdivision of any country in the world, just behind the Sakha Republic of Russia.
  40. Queensland is the 2nd largest state in Australia. It is also the 6th largest subdivision of a country in the world.
  41. Victoria is the smallest (in mainland Australia) and most densely populated state in Australia.
  42. Tasmania is the smallest state in Australia. It has more than 300 islands, including the largest island of Tasmania. 
  43. The Great Ocean Road in Victoria is the world’s largest war memorial. It was established in 1919 after World War 1. (Source)
  44. Uluru and Kata Tjuta are two enormous rock formations in central Australia in the Northern Territory. Uluru is listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site. 
    Uluru in Australia
    Uluru in Australia is a World Heritage Site

  45. Australia Highway 1 is the world’s longest national highway and also the 2nd longest highway in the world after the Pan-American Highway. Its length is over 9,000 miles and connects all seven state capitals in mainland Australia.
  46. The longest straight section of railway line in the world is in Australia. The length of this straight section of the Trans Australian railway is 478 km. (Source)
  47. In 1902, Australia became the 2nd country in the world to allow voting rights to women. Australia followed its neighbor New Zealand where women got this right in 1893. (Source) 
  48. The earliest signs of life on earth have been discovered in ancient rocks of Western Australia. (Source)
  49. Australia is one of just 22 countries where voting is mandatory for citizens. (Source)
  50. In 2013, a couple in Canberra decorated their house with more than 500,000 lights for Christmas celebrations. It was a world record at that time. (Source)
  51. Melbourne has the largest tram system in the world. The length of this tram network is 250 km (155 miles).
  52. Australia has won most ICC cricket ODI world cups (5 out of 11).
  53. The oldest rock segment on earth is more than 4.3 billion years old. This rock was discovered in Australia. (Source)
  54. Mount Augustus in Western Australia is the largest monolith in the world. It is 1,105 m above sea level. (Source)
  55. Rabbits were imported to Australia in the 18th century and multiplied to several folds (from a few dozen to over 2 million) in just ten years. 
  56. Every year, the Australian city of Brisbane hosts the Australian Day cockroach race on the 26th of January. This cockroach race has thousands of spectators. (Source)
  57. Australia is one of 5 countries that participated in every modern Summer Olympic Games. (Source)
  58. Australia is one of the seven countries that have territorial claims for Antarctica. The territory claimed by Australia is the largest territory by any claimant in Antarctica.

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